adaptation or mitigation?

I get confused by the whole adaption vs mitigation quagmire. Under which bandwagon are such actions like resorting to sustainable consumption, reducing our carbon footprints, switching to a local producers and minimising air travel (where applicable) classified?

My personal understanding is they are responses that we as individuals make in response to a stimuli (Climate change) hence is an adaption measure. But I guess we could pursue this debate endlessly.

What piques my interest is – having failed to take any adaptive/mitigative measures on our own, what will the “rural people” have to say when we “experts/urbanites” extend our expertise on adaptive measures?

what do you think?